25 Apr 2012

In the Footsteps of the Dutch Sailors - Part 3

(Written in Dutch by Lo Liebregts; translated and annotated by Hans van Wuijckhuise)

Monday morning April 16 2012. Today will be the second walking day of our Big Walk. It not difficult to raise early; we do not set an alarm clock anymore. At seven we all four are having breakfast. It is quite busy in the breakfast room of the hotel. In a Toyoko Inn hotel the breakfast room is the main lobby; behind a shutter or folding panels a small kitchen is hidden; the breakfast is Japanese style with a touch of western influence.

Breakfast room of a Toyoko Inn hotel

At eight o’clock we leave for the railway station and buy a ticket from Oita to Kouzaki, a distance of about 20 kilometres. The ticket price is 270 Yen, about € 2,55; for that price it is in the Netherlands hardy possible to buy a train ticket for more than a few kilometres.

A bit later we are sitting in the train and already meet a walker who will join us today. After half an hour we arrive in Kouzaki and in the waiting room are more fellow walkers for today; all in total sixteen of them. Also our driver Makoto Nagase, who also happens to be the chairman of the walking association of Oita Prefecture (province or county). Probably the same every day of our walk an opening ceremony is held. Nagase-san welcomes the walkers and explains the procedures concerning traffic and so on. After that Masaji-san makes his speech and while he is searching for his papers, we Dutchman have to greet the fellow walkers with a short speech.
Before anything else can happen, stretching is a must in the Far East; always one of the walkers is or is promoted to have the lead and we are stretching all kinds of body parts in front of a station. When we are ready for starting all walkers parade along us and shake hands; something that is considered typical Western and that is why it is fun. We just smile about it.

Although it is rather cool, it does not last long before droplets of sweat start sparkle in the sun light but in the shadow it is cold. Today rain is expected but for the time being, it is fine. One of the local walkers is the guide and I have to accompany him in front of the group. Shortly after the start we walk along narrow roads and in between fields.  

The path narrows

Than the road becomes a path and that path becomes narrower and steeper. A bit later we walk on a normal road again; the local guide knows the way quite well. As we pass a convenience store, we are advised to buy lunch. Three quarters of an hour later we stop in a small park for lunch break. We still carry the big oranges we got yesterday, they are peeled and distributed among all. At a quarter to twelve we start up again and continue alternately  through living areas and fields.

We walk through several living areas

But after a while, we more often walk in build-up areas. Several times we cross the railway and Lo counts the number of bridges we cross. In the train he has done the same and he has noticed the last river is easy recognisable because it is the widest. In the last kilometres we walk through a covered shopping centre. It is past three o’clock when we finally arrive on the square in front of the station, our destination for today. Of course new group photo’s must be made and then we say Goodbye to the other walkers. Some of them we will meet again tomorrow.

Group photo in front of Oita station

After diner we make a short walk trough the city centre, especially the covered shopping mall. Most shops are already closed by means of shutters, only the drinking and dining facilities are still open.
We return to our hotel and rooms. Tomorrow there will be a another day.

24 Apr 2012

In the Footsteps of the Dutch Sailors - Part 2

(Written in Dutch by Lo Liebregts; translated and annotated by Hans van Wuijckhuise)

It is Saturday April 14 2012. At six in the morning the alarm clocks are sounding in the single rooms in the New Tamaya Hotel in Usuki. Time to rise, at a quarter to seven we are expected at the breakfast table. We all have slept well and for the first time this journey we have a classic Japanese breakfast. Luckily we are asked how we want our egg, fried or raw, the Japanese like it that way. Other items of the breakfast are: a bowl of rice, a piece of smoked fish, some leaves of ‘nori’ (seaweed), green tea and a glass of water. As finish we have the choice of coffee or green tea. We feel comfortable, it is just like three years ago.
Kuroshima is the little island in the Bay of Usuki where on April 19 1600 the Dutch sailing ship ‘De Liefde’ (Charity) beached. The vessel had left The Netherlands two years before together with four sister ships to try to find the seaway to ‘De Oost’ (The East) by sailing to the West and around South America. When the ship finally ran aground on Kuroshima, only a fraction of the original crew members had survived, most of the sailors had died. Of the other ships, one turned around and headed for home and the three others were lost near South America or in the Pacific.
Now we have to dress for the opening ceremony. A taxi bus is waiting outside and will bring us to the little harbour of Sashiu. Some man in black suits are waiting, we join them until the group has grown to about fifteen people. Also an ‘old’ acquaintance from Hirado, a town on the West coast we will visit in a few weeks, is present. We board a small ferry and navigate to the little island of Kuroshima.
A little later the small ferry makes the short trip a second time so altogether thirty people are present. Among them is also team of NHK Kyushu television. Someone from the local Walking Organisation is the master speaker and several speeches are made, one of them is by the deputy ambassador of Dutch Embassy in Japan Mrs. Trooster. We, the four walkers are introduced and tulips are laid at the monument commemorating the arrival of ‘De Liefde’. Them the exchange of politenesses and the finally obligatory photo session.

With the little boat we ferry back to mainland Kyushu and get in a car of the walking association which brings us to small courtyard where we have to wait for someone who has just attended the ceremony. He arrives with a wheelbarrow full of big oranges and offers them to us; he also tells he is going to walk with us tomorrow. His age is 77 years.
Then we go by car to the base of the castle. Two ladies, one of which wears a kimono, and two young children are waiting for us to start a sightseeing tour through the remains of the castle of Usuki and next the historical streets of the town.

 One of the Japanese guides in kimono

Remarkable is a stone torii with a lot of little stones on top of it. Because everything in Japan has a meaning, we ask. The stones are thrown up from underneath the torii and if a one lands and rests on top, it forecasts a lot of luck. It is no game, they try to convince us, but a kind of prayer.

Stones on the torii

After this interesting excursion trough old Usuki and its castle, we are taken to a restaurant for lunch. Also this lunch is Japanese style; we expect we will not have Western food quite often. We enjoy the lunch and after it, we are driven to our hotel. He wants to know if the Wheely will fit in his car together with us three as passengers. It is a matter of trying and it fits. We say Goodbye until the next morning eight o’clock when he is supposed to bring us to the starting point of the day. The remainder of the day is spend on administration and packing our equipment.
Six o’clock is the time scheduled for our diner which we will have in the hotel. It is a combination of fish and chicken tempura. Tempura is a way of preparing food introduced in Japan by the Portuguese. Pieces of meat and chicken, shrimps and vegetables are dipped in a thin batter and then deep fried shortly. After diner, we preview the next day and then everyone goes to his room for making reports.
After the Dutch sailors ran aground on Kuroshima in 1600, it took a while before they were more or less trusted by the Japanese. Moreover they were in bad condition. After several years some of them were allowed to go to Batavia (today’s Djakarta in Indonesia) and to make contact with the Netherlands. In 1609 a Dutch mission returned to Japan with a letter of Prince Maurits with the request to start trading relations with Japan. Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu granted this request and signed the trading license. A trading post was build in Hirado of which Jaques Speckx was the first ‘Opperhoofd’ (managing director). Our first target is to walk from Kuroshima to Hirado, a distance of about four hundred kilometres.

Sunday April 15. At six o’clock the alarm clock sounds. Today is the day our historical walk really is going to start. Nothing special on its own, after all it is just a normal walking day of twenty one kilometres. But it is also a ‘moving day’; all our luggage has to be transported to the next stay. 
At seven in the morning we have breakfast, Japanese style again. Then we go upstairs to bring down the luggage. The driver wants to have the Wheely loaded first before the other pieces of luggage; everything fits in neatly. Exact on time we leave … for the police station. Masaji-san, our Japanese walking friend has lost (forgotten) his carrying bag somewhere during our excursion; now he makes a notification of it. 
We go back to the landing stage from which we departed for Kuroshima. Today this stage will be the starting point of the Big Walk and when we arrive, a number of people are already waiting. Six of them are Japanese walkers who will join us today; others are reporters of papers. Also a group ‘kolf’ players are present playing their game on the local course. Kolf is a forerunner of golf, once introduced in Japan by the Dutch and nowadays in Japan a game mostly played by elderly people; they all show interest in our opening ceremony. Also the interpreter of the last days is present with her family, the young children stick to Lo and wants to walk with him. They are much to young to walk the whole day but are upset if they are only allowed to accompany us till the village border.
The orange grower is present but also walks only till the village border; it is an old Japanese tradition to accompany friends to that border if the leave on a journey.

Waiting along the coastal road

We continue our walk mainly along the coastal road. Large stretches are provided with a combined cycle and walking lane which we are using greedily. Against lunch time we arrive in another harbour town where we are lead into a supermarket to buy lunch which will be enjoyed on the sea shore in open air. We have covered more than half the distance we have to go today.
Cherry blossoms along the former railway track

After lunch break we continue our walk on a former railway track now converted to a cycle and walking path. It is almost perfect walking because we are not disturbed by motorised traffic. Slowly we move further away from the sea and when we finish this stretch of the railway track, we are in build-up area and notice a direction sign to Kozaki Station, our goal for today. It looks like it is a straight road to the station. Lo has taken the lead and I overtake him and ask if he is in a hurry. I know if someone is walking in front, he is likely to go in his own pace. This might be to fast for the followers and he slows down. In a short time we reach the station square and after arrival, we thank or say ‘so long’ to our accompanying walkers. Our driver is already waiting but first a group picture must be made. The fellow walking take the train and our driver brings us to the Toyoko Inn near the railway station in the city centre of Oita and our stay for the next three nights.

20 Apr 2012

In the Footsteps of the Dutch Sailors - Part 1

(Written by Lo Liebregts; translated and annotated by Hans van Wuijckhuise)

Maybe a weird name for an account about a Walking Tour in Japan ? Perhaps on the first sight but in the days to come, it will be cleared.

Now it is April 10 2012. Early in the morning we arrive at Beijing International Airport. We already have our boarding cards for an Air China flight to Fukuoka in Japan. But we do not know the gate number. Because we also can not find our flight number on the announcement boards, we ask the transfer desk. With a pen a gate number is written, later it turns out to be not the right one; and we must proceed to a ‘Special Line’ of the immigration counters.

When it is our turn to be cleared for entering China, we are told to fill out an entrance card. On the desk opposite the immigration counters we only find entrance card with an exit card attached to it so we fill that part also and join the queue again. The official takes the card, scans the passport, types almost the whole passport into his computer and finally stamps a visa on which entrance and exit day are the same.

Now we try to locate the gate number written on the boarding card; when we are close to it, we discover our flight has two gates assigned to it and both are different from the written number. All we can do is wait at one of the gates for boarding a plane bound for Fukuoka, Japan, with a one hour intermediate stop in Dalian, China. On boarding time nothing happens. So we ask at the desk, but the girl behind the desk speaks only a little English. But with some good listening and a telephone call, we understand our fight is delayed one hour because of the weather in Dalian, another city in China notorious for smog. We also get a lunchbox and with a hand sign we are requested to sit down in the waiting area.

When the new boarding time is there, again nothing happens and some passengers walk around despondently. Suddenly the girl at the desk makes an announcement in Chinese and starts to move around nervously. We have already noticed our gate is a ‘remote gate’ from which no direct boarding is possible but instead requires bus transfer to the plane. After the ground stewardess has managed to arrange two buses with drivers, everything speeds up. As soon as the pilot has received a ‘Go’, he is up in the sky. Also after touch down in Dalian, he tries to keep up speed in the whole operation and it felt as if he almost missed a turn. At the gate everybody has to leave the plane. On entering the terminal building, the passengers to Fukuoka, like us, receive a special transfer card and are diverted directly to the departure gate. At the immigration exit desk I have a small problem. My second given name is written with a ‘ç’ and the official can not type that character into his computer. I do not know for sure but maybe last years visa for China in my passport, has helped to clear the way and after a few minutes, we can continue to the boarding gate. The further flight to Fukuoka is uneventful.

On arrival in Fukuoka, the delay is reduced to only half an hour. Now follows the long queue for the Japanese immigration. On board we already have received and filled out the arrival cards. Unfortunately not enough cards in the English language were available, so I filled out a Japanese one; doing so you have to compare the questions carefully whether they are equivalent with the ones on the English version or not. The card was accepted without further notice.

After clearing immigration by the crew desk, if these special desks have no clients, waiting  passengers can be send to them, continue to the luggage conveyor. Our luggage is already off loaded and lies waiting for us. Lo immediately sees the two plastic distance bushings of his ‘Wheely’ are missing; so he has to mount the wheels without them. The ‘Wheely’ is a back pack on wheels which is dragged like a pulka (Sami sledge). After also fixing the buries, he can drag the ‘Wheely’ to the Customs. We know they can ask the weirdest questions but mainly they want to know the purpose of the visit to Japan. I am first and try to explain what we are going to do, my story is accepted. Lo follows, just says ‘for me the same’ and only has to give in his card.

Next to the free shuttle bus who brings us from the International Terminal to the Domestic Terminal building. There walk a short distance to the subway station and after only a quarter of an hour we get off at Gion station. On leaving the elevator on ground level, the passengers in front of us block the way, their problem is it is raining. No problem for us because the entrance of our hotel is only twenty metres away. It is a Toyoko Inn hotel, a name which will appear more times in the next five weeks. Our room is a business twin with en-suite toilet and shower and two LAN-cable connections. We are a bit tiered and go to sleep early.

Wednesday April 11. Today’s main items are both the completion of the previous part of our journey and the final preparations for the oncoming part. Several things we want to arrange today. While we are having breakfast, we look outside; it is raining.

Rain in Hakata Gion (Fukuoka)

After breakfast, we start with the administration. Around noon it is dry and we go for lunch. Lo is fond of shrimps and knows McDonald’s in Japan offers ‘ebi-burger’ (shrimp burger). I am not so fond of seafood, so my choice is a ‘teriyaki-burger’. After lunch we continue our search for the desired items.

The first one is a LAN-hub. We want to prevail alternate access on Internet because only one LAN-cable per room is available. Not that difficult; we buy an eight port hub for less than 1000 Yen, a bit less than 10 Euros.

The next mission is the fixing of the Wheely. The pieces of plastic tube mend to keep the wheels free of the frame, have gone missing during the last flight and must be replaced. First measure the circumference of the axle over which the bushings must be drawn, than calculate the diameter of the axle, we find about 12.7 mm. Now find a Do It Yourself or better, a plumber or other craftsman.
An improvised distance bushing for the Wheely

In the centre of a city like Fukuoka, finding a night store or a restaurant is not difficult, but a repair shop or something like that, is. First we pass a service station where they can do small car repairs and change tyres; enough tools but no repair materials useful to us. We continue searching and in a side street spot a little van with opened rear hatch and some piping material inside. We go for it and find a plumber fixing a drain. While he is busy we examine the contents of his van and determine a piece of plastic tubing of approximately the desired diameter. We wait until the man has finished his job and then we ask him if he speaks English. With his fingers he makes the Japanese sign for ‘a little’; that might be just enough. With some sign language and simple technical English words, we establish the tube we saw has indeed an inside diameter of 13 mm and we ask for two pieces of about forty mm’s length. The plumber measures and cuts the two wanted pieces. On our question about the cost, he only laughs; we thank him and say ‘Good bye’. Back in our Toyoko Inn, we cut the pieces to length with a Swiss knife and the Wheely is ready for use again.

The remainder of the day is spend on preparations and administration. Some mails can keep you busy for hours and now we have free internet, we use it extensively.

It is Thursday morning April 12. Today we have to do several things. Tomorrow we do not want to travel with dirty laundry so we are going to wash. We also want to reduce the weight and the volume of our luggage by sending items we possibly not do need before Hirado, by courier to Hirado. In principle that is possible from our hotel; but first we have to pack the items and then fill out the transport form in Japanese. Also the recipient in Hirado has to be informed, we are sending a box to them and arriving ourselves eighteen days later. Just something to be arranged. Luckily we are not for the first time in Japan and we more or less know how to arrange these things. 

 Just fill out the form and the package is en route

The package is en route but the laundry is not running that fast. The dryer is a condensation dryer and that requires a lot of time. So we have to wait for the dryer before we can go into town to do our shopping’s. Getting money out of the wall is less easy than in Europe. Most ATM’s do not accept foreign Banc cards. No problem. Every Post Office is equipped with at least one ATM that does accept our cards; just watch for the right logos on the machine.

In the mean time our laundry is dry and we go wandering around. We land in ‘Canal City’ shopping centre. On a stage in the middle an apparently popular group can be met by very excited girls and pictures taken with their idols. We look at the whole scene from an appropriate distance. We continue our stroll and via two to expensive department stores, reach our target for this afternoon, the HardRock Café. We enjoy two ‘happy hour’ beers and a simple meal until it is time to go to the airport to pick up Jacques who is arriving directly from the Netherlands.

In between, in Japan almost every community has its own design of manhole cover. Not the small ones next to the gutter but the big circular ones in the road. Sometimes the show the bird, the flower and the tree associated with the place, sometimes they show events of the history. We will try to make a picture of them in every town or city. Here the cover of Fukuoka-Hakata.

 Manhole cover of Fukuoka-Hakata

With the subway we go to the domestic terminal of the airport and from there by shuttle bus to the International terminal. On the big boards in the arrival hall we see his plane has landed as the first one of three flights so we do not have to wait long before we meet Jacques. After the greeting we return to the hotel,have a drink and soon it is time to go to our berth

Friday April 13. We are out of early and at seven we have breakfast. Yesterday evening we have already packed most of our belongings and after breakfast Lo brings down his Wheely. Waiting for Jacques and me, he goes out the have a breath of fresh air. It is nice weather and when he wants to make some pictures, he perceives his camera is missing; he goes back to his room but can not find it.

When we are al downstairs with our luggage, we leave for the railway station. At the station, I queue for the ticket desk and buy three tickets. They are a bit more expensive then we had found on internet; soon we notice I have paid a supplement for the Limited Express instead of buying tickets for the Local (train). That means we can have a different travelling schedule with a faster train. Just wait.

The result is we are almost two hours earlier in Usuki than planned. Now we can meet our Japanese friend and fellow walker Masaji-san at the landing stage of the ferry from Shikoku; he is very surprised indeed.

His knowledge of the English language is minimal and he has to get used to it for a while. He is a director heart and soul so he starts organising immediately. At first we have to go the city hall for a short greeting with the mayor, then the meeting continues. After some time we realise this meeting is a kind of briefing for tomorrow’s ceremony.

Then we are transferred to another location nearby. According our information it is about the establishment of Japanese - Netherlands Friendship and Cultural Institution. We attend a lecture by Mrs. Trooster, deputy ambassador of the Netherlands in Japan, about the historic relations between Japan and the Netherlands. After the lecture, together with about fifty Japanese, we are invited to go to building opposite the street for a diner with the founders and invitees of the new Institution. After a formal start with speeches, the diner develops into a very nice evening with fine Japanese food and enough drinks ranging from imported Heineken beer to hot sake. According Asian custom the diner ends around nine o’clock. Although it is only eight hundred metres walking we are brought back to our hotel by car.

This day has finished. Probably the beginning of a sequence of joyful meetings.

20 Oct 2011

Schedule of Big Walk Kyushu 2012

Schedule of Big Walk Kyushu 2012

Kuroshima-Hirado-Deshima Histrical Walk
in the footsteps of the Dutch sailors

Draft Plan - Rev.06

Map DateWkmTotalFromToItem
0014-Aprsa----Opening Ceremony
11-UsukiKuroshimaOptional Walk
1-0115-Aprsu2121KuroshimaKozakiStart of Histrical Walk - Stage 1
1-0721-Aprsa28162NakatsuYukuhashiKokura Kaido
1-0923-Aprmo30215KokuraEbitsuKaratsu Kaido
2-013-Mayth28415HiradoSazaStage 2
Oranda Kaido
2-046-Maysu30500KinkaikatagamiNagasakiFinish of Histrical Walk

Stage 1387km
Stage 2113km

Stay plan

2 Aug 2011

About Big Walk Kyushu 2012

Big Walk Kyushu 2012 is the histrical walk from Kuroshima to Deshima via Hirado, in the footsteps of the Dutch sailors.



15 Apr 2012 - 6 May 2012


Start and Finish Place


-- Kuroshima (Usuki City, Oita Prefecture, Kyushu)


-- Deshima Trading Post (Nagasaki City, Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyushu)


-- Hirado Trading Post (Hirado City, Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyushu)



-- about 500km



-- Google Map



-- Schedule



Main Walkers
Dutch walkers
- Lo Liebregts
- Hans van Wuijckhuise
- Jacques Liska
Japanese walkers
- Masaji Kitayama

Goodwill Walkers
- Guide and/or Supporter



In the year 1600, a foreign ship foundered on the coast of Bungo (present-day Oita Prefecture). This was “De Liefde," and its arrival marked the beginning of a long history of exchange between the Netherlands and Japan.

In 1609, the Dutch, who had received word from Adams, sent two ships to Japan and received permission to establish a factory (trading post) in Hirado.

In 1641, however, the Dutch East India Company (V.O.C) moved its factory to Deshima.